高中英語Module4WhichEnglish寫作園地 - 議論文:正反對比外研版選修8 - 下載本文

Module 4 Which English 寫作園地-議論文:正反對比

[感悟范文]

人們對于學生網上交友持不同意見。請你用英語寫一篇關于學生網上交友的短文,介紹人們的不同觀點,并表達自己的看法。

贊成的理由 1.廣交朋友 2.可自由表達思想 3.利于外語學習 你的看法:…… 注意:1.文章必須包括表中的全部內容; 2.詞數為100左右。

參考詞匯:網絡朋友online friend(s),上當受騙get cheated ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ [范文]

①Should students make friends online? Some people say yes. They think the Internet helps make many friends. ②Chatting online, students can freely express their feelings and opinions, ③and even get help with their foreign language studies.

Others, ③however, think students shouldn't chat online. They say ②making friends online is a waste of time, ④which should be spent more meaningfully on study. ③Besides, some students get cheated online.

⑤My opinion is that students should place their study, health and safety before other things. As for friendship, we can readily find it in our classmates and other people around us.

[技法討論]

本模塊寫作任務是正反對比性議論文,旨在闡明正反雙方觀點,以及陳述自己的觀點。 寫該類文章需注意以下幾個問題:

1.結構:四段論。首先,提出爭論的焦點;然后陳述雙方觀點;最后表明自己的觀點。 2.人稱:以第三人稱為主,間或用第一人稱。 黃金表達

1.We have had a discussion/survey on .../about whether we should ...

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反對的理由 1.浪費時間 2.影響學習 3.可能上當受騙 2.Opinions are divided on the question/opinions vary from person to person. 3.Many students, accounting for/making up 40%, think it necessary to do sth. ...Another 20% think that ...Others, however, hold the belief that ...

4.Most students are in favor of the plan, saying ... On the other hand, some people have expressed their doubts and worries about it.

5.Those, who favor the idea, think ...However those who are against the idea think ...

6.Others, however, hold the opposite view.

7.Taking into account all these factors, we may safely reach the conclusion that ...

8.As far as I'm concerned .../In my opinion .../From my point of view ... 亮點分析:

本文觀點明確,層次清楚、條理,語句間銜接自然,邏輯性強,時態、人稱運用正確,巧妙運用連接詞,并注意了句式變化,既有簡單句,又有復合句,使文章表達檔次提高。

亮點一:以疑問句式提出論點,開門見山,切題。

亮點二:動詞-ing結構分別作狀語與主語,使句式結構復雜多樣。 亮點三:and,however,besides等關聯詞運用得當,使前后銜接自然。 亮點四:定語從句的使用使句式結構復雜,內容條理。 亮點五:表語從句使句式表達不落俗套,提升了文章檔次。 [類文演練]

假設你是主持人,請你根據以下表格的信息給以“Should we give money to beggars?”為題的班會寫一個總結。

正反對比類作文

一些人認為 孤寡老人不能自食其力而乞討;有些學生因家境困苦而輟學去乞討;有些殘疾人只能以乞討為生。 結論: 注意:1.詞數100左右; 2.參考詞匯:弱勢群體inferior group

______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________

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另一些人認為 大部分都是假裝的,乞討只是他們賺錢的一條捷徑;這么做會助長懶惰。 應該盡力幫助弱勢群體,但給錢時一定要慎重 [聯想詞匯]

1. 自食其力 ________________ 答案:live on one's own 2. 輟學 ________________ 答案:drop out of school 3. 假裝做某事 ________________ 答案:pretend to do sth.

4. 鼓勵某人做某事 ________________ 答案:encourage sb. to do sth. [連詞成句]

1. 我們今天就是否該給乞討者錢進行了一個主題班會。 We have had a class meeting today on ________________. 答案:whether we should give money to beggars

2. 他們認為,大多數乞討者乞討不是因為窮而是因為想更容易地賺錢。

They think most of the beggars beg not because ________________ but because ________________.

答案:they're poor; they want to make money more easily 3. 給錢會鼓勵他們變得懶惰。 To give money ________________. 答案:will encourage them to be lazy [連句成章]

______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 答案:

We have had a class meeting today on whether we should give money to beggars and we have different opinions.

Some believe that we should give money to beggars because some of them are old people, who can't live on their own. Among them are also some students who have dropped out of school because their families are so poor. And we can also see some disabled people. So we should give money to those who need our help badly.

On the other hand, however, many more students think we shouldn't give them money. They think most of the beggars beg not because they are poor but because they want to make money more easily. They are not real beggars. Besides, to give money would

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encourage them to be lazy even if they have the ability to work.

In general,we should help the people of the inferior group but when we give money we should be careful.

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